Lynn Russell CHADWICK (1914-2003)
Maquette IV Walking Cloaked Figures 1978
Référence : ZV212
9 cm x 13 cm x 12,5 cm
Catalogue : CHADWICK Lynn, Sculptor: with a complete illustrated catalogue (1947-2005) : Dennis FARR et Eva CHADWICK, 2006 / n° 777, p.330-331 (reprod. n/b).
Zone Géographique : Europe
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Bronze marked 777 (work numbered by the artist for the catalogue raisonné). Foundry seal. In essence Walking Cloaked Figures consists of a mass of solidified and patinated bronze. But when looking at this sculpture, one cannot see but two figures that brace themselves against the strong wind that stirs their coats. They really have to plant their feet down on the ground in order not to be blown away by the wind. One can see movement as well: one of the flowing cloaks almost accidently touches the ground; in the reality of the bronze object it is a subtle but vital means to stabilize the sculpture. Chadwick´s sculptures are almost sketchy, with rough surfaces. They are expressionistic, but have been inspired by the human form. They have characteristic abstracted heads: rectangular for the males and pointed, triangular heads for the females. And yet they convey a lot of expression and give direction to the figure’s gaze. The figures interact both with each other but also with the viewer of the sculpture. Chadwick once commented: “The important thing in my figures is always the attitude – what the figures are expressing through their actual stance. They talk, as it were, and this is something a lot of people don’t understand”. In order to fully appreciate the sculpture, Chadwick would favour displaying the work at the correct height. For Chadwick the head of a figure should be approximately at eye height. His style was the result of a long development, a product of his unique method of working. At the exposition of the British Pavilion of the 1952 Venice Biennale he surprised the audience with a new approach to sculpture. Chadwick had been trained as an architectural draughtsman and to him sculpture was not so much about mass and volume (like the Moore generation) but rather about structure and line. Chadwick would create his sculptures out of welded pieces of iron. Welded rods of iron would form a sort of skeleton or armature. This method of construction would evolve into his very personal style. The sculptors of his generation had moved away from the traditional materials such as stone and wood. By 1955, besides his constructed sculptures, Chadwick would also cast sculptures in bronze, which allowed him to produce editions. In the 1960’s, Chadwick became interested in the basic principles of the abstract form of the human figure. Later on he focused on how a figure moves and the stances it might take. During the 1970’s and 1980’s he arrived at his visual code of the human form as can be seen in our sculpture. Chadwick’s style is somewhat alienating, it expresses a certain discomfort. He was not interested in pleasing an audience. His sculptures are characterized by form, stance, line, balance and attitude. And there is implicit movement. The result is a dynamic sculpture that combines elegance with a certain tension. Walking Cloaked Figures IV embodies what made Chadwick one of the giants of 20th century sculpture. Chadwick was born in London and went to Merchant Taylor's School. He began producing metal mobile sculpture during the 1940s. He was commissioned to produce 3 works for the 1951 Festival of Britain exhibition. Chadwick exhibited at the Venice Biennale in 1952 with Reg Butler, Bernard Meadows and Eduardo Paolozzi and he won the International Prize for Sculpture in Venice in 1956. His work is included in most major public collections. Chadwick is featured in the 1964 documentary film "5 British Sculptors (Work and Talk)" by American filmmaker Warren Forma. Many of Chadwicks prints gave been on exhibit at Tate Britain, London. Three times married, he had four children: Simon by his first wife the Canadian poet Ann Secord whom he married in 1942, Sarah and Sophie by his second wife Frances Mary Jamieson whom he married in 1959, and Daniel by his third wife the Hungarian photographer Eva Rainer whom he married in 1965. Chadwick was made a Commander of the British Empire in 1964, and a French Officier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 1985. He died at Lypiatt Park, Gloucestershire on April 25, 2003.
Copenhague, The Court Gallery, exhibition catalogue 10/06 - 30/06/1978.
The Court Gallery, Copenhague; Private collection (June 1978).